Journal of Medicne and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2141-9477) Vol. 8(6), pp. 084-087 October 2017. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/jmms.2017.183. Copyright © 2017 International Research Journals

 

Case Report and Review

Valsava Retinopathy: A review

*Bassey Fiebai1, Efeoghene U Ani2, Datonjo A George1

1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

2The Ophthalmic Specialists Eye Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

*Corresponding author’s email: bassief@yahoo.com

Received September 30, 2017; Accepted October 6, 2017

Abstract

 

The study was carried out to investigate the causes, presentation and management of premacular hemorrhage secondary to Valsava retinopathy in Port Harcourt. Case folders of patients who presented to the retina units of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital and a private hospital between 2014 and 2016, were reviewed. Data collected includes age, sex, presenting visual acuity, risk factors, and treatment modalities. Three eyes of two patients were reviewed. One patient had bilateral premacular haemorrhage. Both patients had a very significant improvement, with best corrected acuity of 6/6 within three weeks of conservative management involving sleeping in standard Fowlers position. Valsava retinopathy though a rare condition can cause a profound loss of vision. Spontaneous recovery with full visual function is common without intervention. 

 

Keywords: Valsava Retinopathy, Premacular haemorrhage, Sudden loss of vision, Conservative management.