Journal of Medicne and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2141-9477) Vol. 8(1), pp. 007-013, March 2017. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/jmms.2017.010. Copyright © 2017 International Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Study the effects of analgesic and anesthetic drugs in ducks
Saqib AF. and Om Parkaash R.
Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Vet: Science, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam
Corresponding Author’s E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Received February 8, 2017; Accepted March 10, 2017
The experiment was carried out to determine the effects of xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam on ducks as sedative and analgesic. After anesthesia ducks were examined for their body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and other parameters related to sedation and analgesia. The results showed that body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and other parameters of ducks treated with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam were significant (P<0.05). The average body temperature of ducks treated with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was 104.47±1.10, 105.13±0.77 and 105.71±1.02oF. The average heart rate of ducks anesthetized by xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam were detected 126.20±7.44, 100.78±5.74 and 111.46±4.22 beats/min. The average respiratory rate of ducks treated with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was 21.31±5.23, 25.42±4.60 and 25.60±3.926 breaths/min. The onset of sedation in ducks anesthetized by xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was recorded in 3.42±0.16, 3.46±0.16 and 4.33±0.81 minutes after drug management. The degree of sedation 4.00±0.89, 4.50±0.54 and 3.50±0.08 indicated moderate to high degree of sedation. Duration of sedation was noted in the ducks anesthetized with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was 67.50±22.90, 80.80±10.6 and 67.30±15.10 minutes, respectively. The duration of analgesia was higher in ducks anaesthetized by Diazepam 11.50±0.80 and 8.37±1.05 minutes by acepromazine with lowest 3.50±0.00 minutes noted by xylazine. The recovery of ducks from anesthesia was recorded in 51.00±7.21, 49.80±4.02 and 32.10±11.1 minutes, when anesthetized with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam. In conclusion time length of analgesia was relatively delayed; accomplishing little degree of sedation and primary recovery was noted in ducks anesthetized with Diazepam.
Keywords: Drugs, Anaesthetize, Duck.