Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN: 2141-5161) Vol. 8(4), pp. 039-048, October 2017. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.14303/er.2017.216. Copyright © 2017 International Research Journals

 

Review

Preconception care: a strategy to reduce neonatal/child and maternal mortality

Adewole Abimbola D and Odutayo Patience O

Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State

Authors corresponding email: dokkybammy@yahoo.com

Received September 13, 2017;  Accepted October  28, 2017

Abstract

 

High Neonatal/Child and Maternal mortality still remain an issue of great concern in the developing countries. These mortalities are as a result of conditions or diseases that are preventable only if early detection and interventions are done. These interventions that affect the mother and child and the family at large can be achieved through adequate Preconception Care. Preconception care is therefore the interventions that aim to identify and modify biomedical, behavioral and social risks to a woman’s health or pregnancy outcome through prevention and management by emphasizing those factors that must be acted on before conception or early in pregnancy to have maximal impact. Its components includes: Health promotion (for example, education and information dissemination), Nutritional planning and supplementation, Screening and vaccination for diseases known to affect maternal health and pregnancy outcomes and Family Planning. However, majority especially, the adolescences which are the group that is most affected are not aware of the preconception care and its importance before entering into relationship that leads to childbearing. This therefore has prompted the review of this topic.

 

Keywords: Preconception Care, Stategy Neonatal/Child Mortality, Maternal Mortali.

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